Thinking Out Loud

July 22, 2016

GoldenGate 12.2 TROUBLESHOOTING USING GETENV

Filed under: 12c,GoldenGate — mdinh @ 2:14 am

I was faced with a very strange situation.

When using SETENV (ORACLE_SID = db01), replicat ABEND with  OGG-00664  OCI Error beginning session (status = 1034-ORA-01034: ORACLE not available

When using SETENV (ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1), replicat starts without any issues.

I know what you are thinking, why not set both ORACLE_SID and ORACLE_HOME and you are correct since this is best practices.

The client already knows this and wanted to troubleshoot why it was failing?

Any ideas? I scoured the internet and MOS and finally found that using get_env was the key to troubleshooting.

Tried tracing the replicat and did not work since replicat abended.

NOTE:  Environment variables are all set correctly from the OS.

BAD:

REPLICAT R_2D2
SETENV (ORACLE_SID = db01)

getenv (ORACLE_HOME)
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.3/dbhome_1

getenv (ORACLE_SID)
ORACLE_SID = b01
USERIDALIAS ggadmin

2016-07-21 18:33:46 ERROR OGG-00664 OCI Error beginning session (status = 1034-ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
ORA-27101: shared memory realm does not exist
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory).

GOOD:

REPLICAT R_2D2

SETENV (ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1)

getenv (ORACLE_HOME)
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1

getenv (ORACLE_SID)
ORACLE_SID = db01
USERIDALIAS ggadmin

Notice, there are 2 different ORACLE_HOMEs being used.

Bad one is ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.3/dbhome_1 since the HOME does not exists.

Wait a minute, how is it possible the HOME does not exists and where did Goldengate get this information ???

Let’s find the installation log.

/u01/app/oraInventory/logs> grep "MANAGER_PORT" installActions2016*.log|uniq
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log:INFO: Setting value for the property:MANAGER_PORT in the bean:OGGInstallSettings
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log: MANAGER_PORT              7809                                       
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log: MANAGER_PORT              7809                                                                    
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log:INFO: adding the variable MANAGER_PORT to command line args table
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log:INFO: Setting variable 'MANAGER_PORT' to '7809'. Received the value from the command line.
installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log:INFO: This variable MANAGER_PORT is not added to the global context map

/u01/app/oraInventory/logs> grep DATABASE_HOME installActions2016-05-09_04-57-53PM.log
INFO: Setting value for the property:DATABASE_HOME in the bean:OGGInstallSettings
 DATABASE_HOME             /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.3/dbhome_1  
 DATABASE_HOME             /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.3/dbhome_1                               
 
INFO: adding the variable DATABASE_HOME to command line args table
INFO: Setting variable 'DATABASE_HOME' to '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.3/dbhome_1'. Received the value from the command line.
INFO: This variable DATABASE_HOME is not added to the global context map

There it is, Goldengate is using ORACLE_HOME defined from the installation.

DATABASE_LOCATION is not required, so why set it?

Admittedly, I have have been setting DATABASE_LOCATION but will not be doing so any more.

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the location of the Oracle Database.
# Required only if START_MANAGER is true.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATABASE_LOCATION=

Lastly, I have not attempted to reproduce the error. Too lazy. May be you can help?

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